A Qajar Footed Bowl, 19th Century

Bowl
Era: Qajar period, Persia.
Date: Possibly 19th Century
Size: 8.7 in. (22 cm) diam.
Sold at Christie's auction.
Sources: [1], [2]
کاسه دوره قاجار با نگاره‌ اروتیک
This bowl is painted in blue, black and brown with an erotic scene of a couple in a garden. You can see cartouches of calligraphy alternating with rosettes on rim. According to the online catalog the size of bowl is 22 centimeters in diameter.

A Qajar Enamelled Gold Medallion

Medallion pin
Era: Qajar Period, Persia.
Material: Enamelled gold
Date: 19th Century
Sold at  Bonhams Auctions, England.
Size: 4.3 cm long
Source: [1]

I found this on Bonhams. This is a Qajar enamelled gold Medallion in the form of a Brooch. The oval is decorated in polychrome with a maiden bare decollete, within a band of cusped gold sections and seed-pearls. The reverse side fitted with pin. The item is about 4.3 cm long.

Assassination Attempt Foiled by Minister of Court

Newspaper or Magazine
County: France
Date: 19th Century
Source: [1]
سوءقصد به جان مظفرالدین شاه در پاریس  - مجله فرانسوی
Le Petit Journal was a daily Parisian newspaper published from 1863 to 1944. There are few articles about the Qajars in this newspaper. In here, the assassination attempt on Mozafar Aldin Shah Qajar on one of his European trips is shown. The king luckily survived the incident unharmed.

Miniature Painting of Qajar Lovers Engaged in Coitus

Painting
Era, Qajar Period, Persia (Iran)
Date:  Early19th Century
Technique: Miniature Painting
Kept in a private collection, Tehran, Iran.
Source: [1]
زوج قاجاری - کلکسیون شخصی‌ در تهران
Whenever, I hear "engaged in coitus", it reminds me of Dr. Sheldon Cooper in The Big Bang Theory. Anyway, joking aside this is painted during the reign of Fath-Ali Shah of Qajar. I found this on Iranian.com, and it is apparently kept in Tehran.

A Monochrome Portrait of Naser Ad Din Shah Qajar

Drawing
Era: Qajar Period, Persia.
Date: 19th Century
Materials and Techniques: Ink heightened with gold on paper
Size: 25.4 x 21.2 cm.
Artist: Signed by Muhammad Hassan Afshar
Source: [1]
نگاره سیاه و سفید ناصرالدین شاه - حراجی ساتبی
Monochrome describes paintings, drawings, design, or photographs in one color or shades of one color. This painting is depicting Nasr Al-Din Shah in a military uniform wearing a tall hat with large-plumed ornament, the brooch on his breast appears to be incomplete, inscriptions above and below written in Naskh script in black ink within cloudbands against a gold ground, inner border of gold scrolls, laid down on a blue album page with margins decorated with leafy scrolling vegetation in gold.

According to Answers.com, Muhammad Hassan Afshar was a  noted court painter  under the Qajar rulers Muhammad Shah (ruled 1834-48) and Nasir al-Din (ruled 1848-96) of Persia. Muhammad Hasan Afshar was awarded the title Painter Laureate (Naqqash Bashi). A portrait dated 1847 in the Churchill Album (London, BL, Or. MS. 4938) depicts Muhammad Shah seated in a red tunic with blue sash and flashing diamonds. The artist's most remarkable works are three life-size oil portraits of Nasir al-Din (Tehran, Gulistan Pal.; Tehran, Moghaddam priv. col. (see Robinson, 1991, fig. 30a); and Isfahan, Chihil Sutun Palace, dated 1860). The artist also painted small varnished objects, such as a pen box dated 1846 (priv. col., see Robinson, 1989, fig. 16a), which has a scene of the Last Judgement on the top and a Napoleonic battle scene on one side. The pen box was only finished in 1861 by Ismai'il Jalayir, who added a scene of the Qajar monarch Muhammad Shah in battle on the other side and a design and inscription on the base.

Naser al-Din Shah's One Gheran Coin

Silver Coin
Era: Qajar Period, Persia
Date: 19th Century
Value: One Gheran, or 20 Shahi or 1000 Dinar
Sources: [1], [2], [3], [4]
سکه یک قرانی ناصرالدین شاه قاجار با نقش عقاب دو سر
The double-headed eagle is a rare example of the symbols used in Qajar coins. It is common symbol in heraldry and vexillology. It is most commonly associated with the Byzantine Empire, the Holy Roman Empire, the Russian Empire and their successor states. In Byzantine heraldry, the heads represent the dual sovereignty of the Emperor (secular and religious) and/or dominance of the Byzantine Emperors over both East and West. In the Holy Roman Empire's heraldry, it represented the church and the state. Several Eastern European nations adopted it from the Byzantines and continue to use it as their national symbol to this day. The images bellow are the coat of arms of the Holly Roman Empire of The German People, and the coat of arms of the Russian Empire.



Naser al-Din Shah Qajar in Military Uniform With His Army

Painting
Qajar Period, Persia (Iran)
Date: Possibly 19th century
Materials and Techniques: Possibly oil on canvas
Possibly Kept in Malek National Museum and Library, Tehran, Iran
Source: [1]

Photo: by Mr. Mohammad Ali Najib - Young {Iranian} Journalist Club
نگاره ناصر الدین شاه - کتابخانه ملک - تهران
This is clearly a painting of Nasser Al-din Shah Qajar, which seems to be located in Malek National Museum in Tehran. This library is one of the biggest libraries of precious manuscripts inside Iran. I didn't find it on the Malek's website, but there are few interesting items in their database. You can click on link 2 to see the Malek Museum's website. [2]


Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar in Le Petit Journal

Newspaper
Date: 19th century
Country: France
Source: [1]

تصاویر مظفر الدین شاه قاجار در مجله یا روزنامه فرانسوی - قرن ۱۹ میلادی
Le Petit Journal was a daily Parisian newspaper published from 1863 to 1944. It was founded by Moïse Polydore Millaud. In the 1890s, at the height of its popularity, the newspaper had a circulation of a million copies, and by 1884 it also included a weekly illustrated supplement.

The two top images include a portrait of Mozaffaradin Shah Qajar before his coronation and his visit to Contrexeville France is illustrated in the Petit Journal. The image bellow, shows the much aged monarch.

You may also click on link [2] to look at another post about cartoon drawing of the same Persian monarch in Le Rire magazine.

Persian Style Tobacco Trading Card

Item: Duke's Cameo Cigarette Tobacco Trading Card
Origin: USA
Date: 19th century
Source: ebay
کارت سیگار سازی آمریکایی دوک با تصویر شاه قاجار - قرن ۱۹ میلادی
I found this item on ebay. It is an extremely rare nineteenth century cigarette trading card from Duke's Cameo Cigarettes made by W. Duke, Sons & Co. in Durham NC, USA. The card is divided in thirds, with the left section showing the Qajar coat of arms, the middle section the Shah of Persia (Naser al-Din), and the right section a Persian lady and a state flag. There are similar Duke's Cameo Cigarette boxes with showing US states or other countries as seen on the second image.

Note ( 2/17/2013) - I just noticed that Shahre Farang has a similar collection with many more Persian related Duke's trading cards. You may look at them here: [1]


History of High Heels

Item: A man's high heels
Era: Safavid Period
Date: 17th Century
Kept: Bata Shoe Museum, Toronto, Canada
Sources: [1], [2], [3]
کفش پاشنه بلند مردانه - دوره صفوی - موزه کفش باتا - تورنتو کانادا
High heels are typical footwear related to female fashionistas these days. Apparently high heels originated in Middle East (Persia) and were used by both men and women. The item above belongs to Safavid Period and is covered in shagreen - horse-hide with pressed mustard seeds. Elizabeth Semmehack, curator at the Bata Shoe Museum, traces the high heel to horse riders in the Near East (Persia) who used high heels for functionality, because they helped hold the rider's foot in stirrups. She states that this footwear is depicted on a 9th-century ceramic bowl from Persia. Good horsemanship was essential to the fighting styles of the Persia . When the soldier stood up in his stirrups, the heel helped him to secure his stance so that he could shoot his bow and arrow more effectively.

At the end of the 16th Century, Persia's Shah Abbas I had the largest cavalry in the world. He was keen to forge links with rulers in Western Europe to help him defeat his great enemy, the Ottoman Empire. So in 1599, Abbas sent the first Persian diplomatic mission to Europe [4] - it called on the courts of Russia, Germany and Spain.  A wave of interest in all things Persian passed through Western Europe. Persian style shoes were enthusiastically adopted by aristocrats, who sought to give their appearance a virile, masculine edge that, it suddenly seemed, only heeled shoes could supply. - BBC

Portrait of a Zand Prince

Painting
Period: Zand Dynasty, Persia
Date: 1794
Materials and technique: Oil on canvas
Possibly kept in Negārestān Museum, Tehran, Iran.
Size: 142 × 68 cm.
Sources: [1], [2], [3]
 نقاشی یک شاهزاده، احتمالا لطفعلی خان - دوره زند
This is a rare sample of a portrait of a Persian prince in Zand era by indication of his headgear. In few history textbook in Iran, the subject of this portrait has been considered to be Lotf Ali Khan Zand [3], the last Shah of this dynasty. Due to internal conflict in 18th century Persia, he was captured at war by his main enemy, the future Shah, Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar. 

It is reported that Lotf Ali Khan was blinded after being raped publicly by royal grooms. He was castrated in revenge by Agha Mohammad Khan. Lotf Ali Khan was imprisoned and tortured in Tehran for nearly three years before being choked to death.

2/24/2013: I finally found more information on this painting from an article about clothing in Safavid to Qajar Persia in Iranica: [3]. I will fix the post. 

Bahram Gur With a Princess

Illustration
Qajar era, Persia
Date: second half of the 19th Century
Size: 23.6 x 13.5 cm
Sold at Bonham's auction
Source: [1]
نگاره بهرام گور و یک شاهزاده خانم - دوره قاجار - حراجی بونامز
This illustrated leaf is from a manuscript of Persian poetry depicting Bahram Gur with a princess seated in green and white pavilions. The Persian text is written in columns of Nasta'liq script in black ink. As most Qajar illustrations, the old king is pictured dressed in contemporary of Qajar era. To learn more about Nasta'liq script click here: [2]

Lady Khorshid

Painting
Qajar era, Persia
Date: 1843
Artist: Sani ol-Molk
Materials and Techniques: watercolor on paper.
Sources: [1], [2]
نقاشی خورشید خانم اثر ابوالحسن غفاری - دوره قاجار
This painting called "The Lady Khorshid"  is painted by Abolhassan Ghafari. The subject looks intently at the viewer, her gaze establishing a direct connection between her, the represented participant, and the viewer, an interactive participant. This visual configuration is a demand, as she explicitly acknowledges the viewer:  the character  wishes to influence the viewer in some way to enter into an imaginary intellectual relation with the her.

Lady Khorshid was actually the painter's cousin, who possibly acted as the matriarch to Ghaffari clan. In this image, the woman’s body language, stance and gaze suggest a challenge to the target audience to comprehend her. The symbolic design pattern on  a darkly painted interior wall is in contrast with the clear sunny day outside.  Here a  connection is established between the Lady Khorshid and the viewer, also because of the horizontal angle from the front, that is because she  is facing the viewer squarely. Such a representation invites the involvement of the reader with the image.