Stenka Razin Throwing The Persian Princess into Volga River

Drawing
Date: 1681
Published: in Amsterdam
Sources: [1],[2],[3],[4],[5]
استنکا رازین رهبر قزاق‌های شورشی و کشاورزان ولگا بود. رازین در قرن هفدهم علیه تزار روسیه شورش کرد. او به کرانه‌های شمالی ایران و برخی شهرهای مازندران و گیلان نیز تازید. ولی پس از اخراج توسط شاه سلیمان صفوی که به درگیری بین قزاقها و سواره‌ نظام شاه انجامید، از ایران فرار کرد. از او افسانه ای به جا مانده که وی معشوقه خود را که یک شاهزاده خانم اسیر شده ایرانی بوده به علت نارضایتی همراهانش به رودخانه ولگا پرتاب نموده و به قتل رساند. اولین فیلم روسی نیز در مورد این شخص و شاهزاده خانم در سال ۱۹۰۸ میلادی تولید شد

Stenka Razin (Russian: Степан (Стенька) Тимофеевич Разин; 1630 – 1671) was the leader of a group of outlaws who lived a life of revelry and carousing along the Volga River and in the nearby forests. They led a major uprising against the Tsar's bureaucracy in Russia. In 1668, Razin led the majority of his men down the Ural River while a small portion stayed behind to guard city of Yaitsk (called Oral in modern Kazakhstan). However, the government defeated Razin’s men in Yaitsk and Razin lost his base there.When Razin becomes distracted by a captured Persian princess and starts to be affectionate toward her, his men become displeased, feeling that he is neglecting them and their usual activities.

According to Theory and History of Folklore  By Vladimir Iakovlevich Propp, Iz-za ostrova na strezen is a song about Stepan Razin and a Persian princess. The story goes as Razin and his people sail along the Volga river. Razin's friends complain that their leader has forgotten them because of the princess. Razin throws the woman into the water. The author of the text is D.N. Sadovnikov (1847-83); it was first published in 1883 and became a folk song soon after.

After losing Yaitsk, Razin sailed south down the coast of the Caspian Sea. He and his men took Baku (present-day Azerbaijan) easily, but at Rasht (modern Iran) the Persians killed roughly 400 Cossacks in a surprise attack. Razin went to Isfahan to ask the shah for land in exchange for loyalty to the shah.

In 1669, Razin built a base on the eastern side of the Caspian Sea and began raiding Turkmen villages. Then in the summer of 1669, he annihilated a Persian fleet sent against him. He was finally captured and executed in 1671 by the Tsar. The YouTube video that you see is the first Russian narrative film ever made. This silent film is a fictionalized account of the episodes from the life of Stenka Razin and was premiered in 1908.